Pipes come in many sizes, but they eventually need to be connected. Sometimes they have to connect. Sometimes the connections are straight but sometimes they take a different direction. Pipe fittings are used to connect pipes of various sizes and diameters. They also allow lines to change direction abruptly. Underground sprinklers require an opening to allow for the sprinkler head.
Like pipes, Stainless Steel pipe fittings can be made from different materials. You can choose from strainless steel, copper or polyvinyl chloride (PVC) as they come in many different materials. Many fittings are round, but there are many other types.
There are many types of fittings, including male and female, socket and plain end bells, pipe clamp ends and ribs. They can be as diverse as the pipes they connect, and they have different requirements for strength depending on the pipe and the material they are supposed to funnel, liquid or solid.
Local hardware and plumbing stores are great sources for pipe fittings. Although it is possible to mix materials for fittings and pipes, it is not advised. The material for the fitting should match that of the pipes.
A threading dies might be purchased depending on whether you are looking to join two pipes together or repair a crack in one of your existing pipes without having to dig out the entire system. While large retail stores might have the products that one needs, a plumber may be needed for more unusual situations such as joining pipes with different diameters.